Home to one of the Arab world’s most notorious dictators for over 40 years, Libya has emerged from a brutal civil war with new leadership and hopes for a democratic transition away from the authoritarianism of the past. While Colonel Muammar Gadhafi favored an Arab identity for his nation over an overtly Islamic one, Islamists have made significant strides in influencing Libya’s transition since his demise. From the constitution to the legal system to education to politics, Islamists are well represented and supported by the general populace in their endeavors. The following profile will look at the role of Islam in each of these arenas as Libya continues its transformation during this tumultuous post-war period.