Azharis reject ISIS ‘caliphate’

Fatwa, posted 7.16.2014, from Iraq, in:
Language: 
Arabic
Azharis reject ISIS ‘caliphate’

Summary: In an interview with Assafir, Ahmed Karima, a professor of Islamic Sharia at Al-Azhar University explained the opinion of Islamic jurisprudence with regards to the Islamic State of Iraq and Al-Sham (ISIS) and their declaration of the ‘caliphate.’

“There is no political caliphate affiliated with Islam. The caliphate has always had religious duties [of calling people to the Islamic faith]. The Prophet said: ‘The caliphate will continue along the same path of the prophecy but will then turn into an oppressive rule.” Karima explained.

The professor noted that Islamic history proceeded in accordance with the Prophet’s statement. According to him, the caliphate extended along the prophecy’s path during the days of the first five caliphs, Abu Bakr, Omar, Uthman, Ali and Al Hassan but then turned into purely political reign under the Umayyads, Abbasids and Ottomans.

He added that by applying Islamic texts to reality, there can be no caliphate in our modern era. Jurists thus suggested replacing it with an Islamic university, Al-Azhar. Karima said: “Thus, the talk about a political caliphate perpetuated by the Muslim Brotherhood and militias of violence is null and void from a correct and balanced academic standpoint.”

Karima also explained that ISIS is nothing but a terrorist organization and does not represent Muslims or Islam in any way, shape or form.