Abdolkarim Mousavi-Ardabili

Ayatollah Abdolkarim Moussavi-Ardabili was born in 1926 in the city of Ardabil, Iran. He started Islamic studies at the age of 14 in his hometown, but in 1944 moved to the city of Qom to take advantage of preeminent Ayatollahs such as Ayatollah Haeri and Ayatollah Golpayegani. The Ayatollah moved to the city of Najaf, Iraq, in 1946 and resided there for two years. He then returned to Iran and upon the death of Ayatollah Khomeini resided in Qom, where he continues mentoring pupils. The Ayatollah was appointed a member of the Revolution Council, the council which temporarily took over the power and administration in Iran upon the 1979 Islamic revolution. He has also served as member of Assembly of Experts for Drafting the Constitution, member of Assembly of Experts (the supervisory body over the Iranian Supreme Leader), Attorney General in Iran, and the head of the Judicial Council which presided the Iranian Judiciary up until the death of Ayatollah Khomeini.