Muhammad Muhammad Sadeq al-Sadr

Grand Ayatollah Muhammad Muhammad Sadiq as-Sadr (b. 1943-1999) was a prominent, Iraqi Twelver Shia cleric. He was heavily involved in Iraqi opposition politics, organizing the Shiites of Sadr City (named in his honor following his assassination) against Saddam and the Baath Party. He was later assassinated while leaving the mosque in the Iraqi city of Najaf along with two of his sons. Mohammad al-Sadr's son, Muqtada al-Sadr took over leadership of the Sadr-ist movement in Iraq.

Al-Sadr's works include, Al-Islam wal-Mithaq al-Alimiyah lil-Huquq al-Insan (Islam and the International Covenant on Human Rights), Ma Wara al-Fiqh (What is behind Jurisprudence) and Fiqh al-Ashair (Tribal Jurisprudence).