Muhammad Rashid Rida

Muhammad Rashid Rida (1865-1935) was a Syrian religious scholar and intellectual, and one of the most productive and influential authors of Islamic reform and pan-Islamism in the 19th and 20th centuries.  He travelled to Egypt in 1897-8, where he met and worked closely with the Egyptian reformer Muhammad Abduh. His name was closely associated with majallat al-Manar, a magazine which he founded in 1898 and remained its editor in chief till his death in 1935. The popular magazine published several of Rida’s articles on legal, social and educational reforms, as well as his political essays on pan-Islamism and the revival of the caliphate.

For further reading see: 

Ende, W. "Ras̲h̲īd Riḍā." Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition. Edited by: P. Bearman; , Th. Bianquis; , C.E. Bosworth; , E. van Donzel; and W.P. Heinrichs. Brill, 2010. Brill Online. University of Exeter. 02 December 2010 <>