The United Iraqi Alliance (UIA) (Arabic: Itilaf al-watani al-Iraqi), also called the Iraqi National Alliance (INA), since 2005, is one of the main Shi’ite blocs in Iraq’s parliament. Its main components in the 2005 elections were Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki’s Islamic Dawa Party and the Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq (ISCI) party, led at the time by Abdul Aziz al-Hakim (the party was later renamed the “Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq,” and, following the death of al-Hakim in 2009, his son, Sayyad Ammar al-Hakim took over the party’s leadership). The UIA in 2005 ran on an Islamist pro-Shi’ite platform against the secular anti-sectarian Iraqi List headed by Ayad Allawi. It was supported by the influential Shi’ite cleric, the Grand Ayatollah Ali Al-Sistani, as well as Shi’ite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr.
Internal conflict between Maliki and the ISCI following the 2009 provincial elections resulted in the withdrawal of the former from the alliance to run under the State of Law Coalition in the general 2010 elections. Future deals between the parties eventually brought them together again under a revised name, the “National Alliance.” The alliance holds 70 seats in the current parliament, and is part of a coalition of other lists and parties that elected Maliki as Iraq’s Prime Minister.